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The Project of Innovative Methods and Experience Sharing for Human Rights Violations

Einfeld, Cambridge in England. Collective Awareness Association and Balik Arts have activities of movies, music, dance and consultancy which holds the social problems about mostly, immigrant children, youngs and women and take place in the international projects. Individual projects of both NGOs, were done with the children, women and young girls who were affected by orientation, otherization, urban renewal, cultural conflict because of immigration and traditional family suppression.

Our project  designed to give opportunity to potential beneficiaries to get familiar with the policies of the European Union concerning political issues both in terms of legislation and implementation and to be prepared for the accession through strengthening the contacts and mutual exchange of experience between civil society actors on political issues in the Member States and Turkey.

Objectivies of the Project
 1. Forming a sustainable relationships/networks based on knowledge and expertise sharing between the NGOs in Turkey and political actors in Englands.
2. The development of the capacities of the Non-governmental organizations who works on human rights and increase the public awareness about sustainable connection formation problems.

Background of The Project :
In the creation of European model of participatory democracy, Non-Governmental Organizations play an important role. European Union consults with NGOs and gets their opinion in the decision making process. EU considers public participation, in process of decision making and making regulations, as a basic principle. For example, there are 2.1 million associations and 1.4 million associations in France. With a simple calculation, there are 40 people for a NGO in Germany and France. However, 4 out of 10 French participate in the association activities and one fifth of the population are members of at least two associations.According to report of Civicus project of TUSEV (March 2011) on Turkey, despite of the recent developments, civil society movement in turkey was disconnected from majority of society and catered to only a minor cut. Turkish people are afraid of being organized. According to the EU Progress Report 2004, there are 80757 active associations in Turkey. Accordingly, there is one association for every 866 people. According to the report, compared to population with Germany and France, there should be at least 300 thousand civil society organizations. But up to now 166.245 associations have been established and so far 85.488 of them have been shut down. Number of members of non-governmental organizations operating in Turkey often varies between 10 and 100 and, from time to time these numbers drop below the average. But in some European countries, the number of associations is less than in Turkey and the number of members exceed the number in Turkey.

In March 2011 CIVICUS project of TUSEV in Turkey, according to the report most of the non-governmental movements in the previous years the  most of the people stands far from the developments. The participation of the citizens has narrow ranged and representing only a specific social group. The most of the NGOs in Turkey works on social solidarity and service focused so there is no obvious events and defence movements  which affect political dynamics. 18.1% development of the religious services by mosque foundations, 14.3%  sport clubs, 13.7% charities, 9.5% residence and development foundations, 10% occupation solidarty organization. In such case, 65% of the foundations does not have any purpose of affecting politics. 4.5% of the public has membership on social, 5.3% of the public has membership on political NGO. The voluntary percentages of the public is 2.5% for social, 4.2% for political NGOs.In the same report, there is a detection about NGOs which states that they have a discontinous relationships and individual events, doubts about the abilities of aware of being a sector and organized movements. With respect to these researches about the mentioned problems, states, most of the NGOs has done meeting, file-information sharing or cooperation(17%, 25%, 29% respectively) with 5 NGOs at most. Internationally, more than the half of the NGOs have no connection or cooperation with NGOs(58% and 63%)(STKA 2009) Violence is the outcome of adaptation problems of immigration, otherization, urban integration, cultural conflict and traditional family despotism in both countries. Encountering potentially wronged children, young girls and women are opposed to violence and the violence itself are clearly seen as human rights violation. The current of for blocking the human rights violation for potential wronged women, children and various aged people are sufficient, also for preserving the family entireness, respect and continuity. Like the whole country, also in Izmir, there are sufficient human rights violation datas and studies about the subject. However, as a research topic ,a few data about “the women opposing violence” which is the “violence” based can be used as an introduction. In Izmir where the immigration mostly occurs in the 3rd rank of Turkey, as a human right violation, women opposing violence is increasing day by day. According to the announcement of Izmir Chamber between the dates of November 2009- November 2010, 4,640 women had called the police with the reason of violence in the family. 614 of these applications are detected as high risk situations. However, between the same dates, only 202 women could take place in women solidarity houses. Izmir Police Department announced the statistics, 314 women were taken in to police guard in 2011. So, in a year, 5000 women applied for the guard but even 500 of them can not be reached. 

Since 1985, although the legal arrengements and orientations are made for avoiding women opposed violence and women rights, especially in the last decade, the violence events are increasing. The effects of  EU progression on public administratives as reconstructions and adjustments that have important roles on the solution of public administration problems, are not sufficient even for human rights violation in public administrations. Although the effect of NGO’s is seen as constraint socially and politically, but opposingly social effects are more higher with respect to political effects. Most of NGOs are canalized through social services and defencing activities. However, It is obviously seen there is not a specific idea about how to be active in such constraints,(STKA,2009). Under the project scope, the aim is to develop the capacities of NGOs by sharing information and experience with their european shareholders when a human rights violation occurs. In Turkey, there are lots of NGOs who cannot perform effectively because of economical problems. By the scope of the project, the solution method of the European NGOs will be observed and share with the other NGOs. The other problem is there is no network connection between the local and European NGOs. Current networks are not used by the NGOs because of foreign languages problems and developed NGOs have ability to develop cooperation. The scope of the project is to construct a network which will be solution for the problems mentioned above. Project owner and co-applicant have effective roles on this network.

The project is specifically aimed to use new and efficient methods against human rights infringements and it is distribution. Artistic tools and expression methods are proven to be more efficient that the other methods therefore we aim to bring a new, unique and variable communication methods and making it widespread in public. Traditional methods in education and communication are believed to be 10% efficient. This ratio increases to 30% if it is supported with visualization. Moreover, any educational attempt and knowledge exchange which are supported with artistic applications reach to 90% efficiency and it is as close as real life experience. Non commercial civil unions are usually more centered for resolving social life problems. Since they do not tend to profit from what they do, their efforts are just limited to nearby places and local communities. However the attention towards art is growing increasingly by all social classes of public. Therefore, these kind of social activities get more attention and attendance from public compared to political activities due it is regarded as sincere. 
The method in Izmir will be “Forum Theatre”. It has been rooted from Brazilian educator Poulo Freire(The Pedagogy of  Oppressed) and developed by Augusto Boal. Boal has performed some series of forum theatres regarding common issues such as poverty, violence to women and discrimination in poor regions of South America and he has received groundbreaking results. It has never been practiced in Turkey except once in Izmir Street festival as a short play. Forum Theatre is usually practiced in the public and it is usually located in the dense areas of the problem. Instead of performing it indoor, it is practiced at the public places where the audience usually feels comfortable and esteemed. This practice will accelerate the rate of problem prevention at the place and it will increase the common sense in public about the problem.

Balik Arts foundation which usually acts via movie screening, radio broadcasting and dancing to disadvantaged groups (immigrants, violence victims, poverty, lack of education and etc) will screen short movies and public spotlight movies in both their area and Turkey concerning human rights infringements. Circulation of art products, their proliferation and distribution do not require huge organizations and great budgets. Instead, using basic equipments in a room, in a public park, at a café shop or in a small meeting room, they can be easily brought to audience. So this movie will be shared in England and Turkey with whom it may concern. Movie screenings and forum theatre are both powerful methods which are capable of gaining results immediately. Areal effects of the project will be tested by empirical methods and evaluated by experts before, during or after the shows. These findings will be available during the documentation and reporting processes in order to make the project results collective with public.


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